Disease Specific

Anemia

Anemia is a condition in which you don’t have enough healthy red blood cells to carry enough oxygen to the body’s tissues and organs. Having anemia may make you feel tired and weak.

There are many forms of anemia, each with its own cause. Anemia can be a temporary or a long term condition.  Anemia can range from mild to severe.

Your body makes three types of blood cells — white blood cells to fight infection, platelets to help your blood clot and red blood cells to carry oxygen throughout your body.

Red blood cells contain hemoglobin — an iron-rich protein that gives blood its red color. Hemoglobin enables red blood cells to carry oxygen from your lungs to all parts of your body and to carry carbon dioxide from other parts of the body to your lungs so that it can be exhaled.

Some of the signs of anemia include:

-Fatigue

-Weakness

-Pale or yellowish skin

-Irregular heartbeats

-Shortness of breath

-Dizziness or lightheadedness

-Chest pain

-Cold hands and feet

-Headache

Anemia occurs when your blood doesn’t have enough red blood cells. This can happen if:

-Your body doesn’t make enough red blood cells

-Bleeding causes you to lose red blood cells more quickly than they can be  replaced

-Your body destroys red blood cells

Some different types of anemia:

-Iron deficiency

-Vitamin deficiency

-Anemia of chronic disease

-Aplastic anemia

-Anemias associated with bone marrow disease

-Hemolytic anemias

-Sickle cell anemia

Treatments for anemia range from taking supplements to undergoing medical procedures. You may be able to prevent some types of anemia by eating a healthy, varied diet.

************See your doctor if you suspect you have anemia because it can be a warning sign of serious illness.

**************This information is educational not medical advice******************

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